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tv   DW News  PBS  September 19, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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♪ brent: this is "dw news," live from berlin. unite, a powerful earthquake hits mexico. there are reports of fatalities and of people trapped inside buildings in the capital. at least five people are dead in mexico city. people are said to be trapped inside damaged buildings. the country's airport and stock market have shut down. also coming up, -- >> the united states has great strength and patience, but is
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forced to defend itself and its allies, we will have no choice but to totally destroy north korea. brent: in his first speech to the when general assembly, donald trump delivers his sharpest warning it to north korea. we will bring you coverage from the work and analysis. and a myanmar's leader breaks her silence on the rohingya refugee crisis in her country. human rights groups still accuse her of burying her head in the sand. also in the show another monster storm in the caribbean. hurricane maria is now bearing down on the virgin islands and puerto rico. ♪ brent: i am brent goff. is good to have you with us.
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we begin in mexico where a powerful 7.1 magnitude earthquake has hit the south of the country. at least five people have died. the epicenter of the quake was about 120 kilometers southeast of mexico city. the earthquake sent thousands of people running into the streets. a number of buildings in mexico city are on fire while others have collapsed. it follows another earthquake earlier in the country which claimed 98 lives. dramatic pictures. let's go live to mexico city. cynthia from bloomberg joins me. can you hear me? guest: i can. brent: where were you when the earthquake struck? what did you experience? guest: i'm working at my building located in mexico city's financial district.
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we were carrying business as usual when we started feeling a very powerful shaking, the land started swaying. we immediately ran for cover. from my point of view, it was a pretty lengthy movement. right away we could see some smoke coming from a building nearby where o building is located. it was also ironic because just a few hours before we had a quake drill to mark the 32nd anniversary of the 1985 quake. a lot of buildings damaged and killed thousands of people. brent: what are you able to see
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right now? are you still in your office building? is it still safe to be where you are? and what can you see of the city? cyntia: we evacuated. most of the tall buildings were immediately evacuated. some are pretty, pretty tall. 20-plus stories high. but most of the people on the streets -- i can tell you that we lost power in several sections of the city. with no traffic lights, traffic right now is complete chaos. several of the main avenues in the financial district are like parking lots. no one can mov and people are just waiting inside their cars. a lot of people have started to walk back to their homes, but it is going to take a while.
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several portions of the subway system and other bus lines running across the city are stopped for the time being. right now what you can see our thousands of people on the street, desperate to get to their home or go to the families, make sure that everybody is safe. i am actually walking on my way back home to check on my family, but i have seen the facades of several buildings broken and cracked. in the neighborhood where i live , some buildings have collapsed. brent: obviously we want to make sure you're safe wherever you are. we are pictures that have just come in from exit of city. these are really disturbing images. -- from mexico city.
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these are really disturbing images. people walking on the rubble, it looks like to rescue people. this city -- how prepared would you say it was, considering that the country of mexico just had an earthquake a couple weeks ago that was fairly severe? cyntia: i would say that this felt a lot stronger than a few days ago. it was very powerful. it was quite a scare. brent: we certainly appreciate you giving us the first reports about what has happened in mexico city. all the best to you, and we hope that your family is safe as well. talking with us on the phone from mexico city. again, a strong earthquake hitting the southern part of mexico. what looks like considerable
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damage in the capital, mexico city. now to the united states. first there was fire and fury, now the threat of total instruction to north korea. u.s. president donald trump uses for speech before the un's general assembly to deliver his harshest warning yet to north korean leader kim jong-il. trump -- kim jong un. underneath it all, a message that the u.s. will always put its own interests first. reporter: donald trump is known for his bluster but his threat to obliterate north korea caught many observers offguard. >> the united states has great rength and patience, but if it is forced to defend itself or its allies, we will have no choice but to totally destroy north korea. reporter: trump then slammed iran, saying it is a rogue state whose chief exports were violence, bloodshed and chaos.
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he called the deal with iran, which called many sanctions dropped in exchange for drops in the country's nuclear program, one of the worst the u.s. ever made. trump also stressed that national governments need to rely on themselves rather than urge the international community for help. in other words, america first. >> in america, the people govern, the people rule, and the people are sovereign. i was elected not to take power, but to give power to the american people where it belongs. in foreign affairs, we are renewing this principle of sovereignty. reporter: in the past trump had denounced the u.n. as a bloated, money wasting bureaucracy, a theme he continued in tuesday's speech. >> we also thank the secretary-general for recognizing that the united nations must reform if it is to
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be an effective partner in confronting threats to sovereignty, security, and prosperity. too often the focus of this organization has not been on results, but on bureaucracy and process. reporter: the u.s. president also called for the world's nations to take a bigger role in promoting security and prosperity in their regions. brent: four more i'm joined by laura daniels, rising global powers in a changing -- she used to be with the brookings institution in washington. it is good to have you on the show. which donald trump to the world hear today, or was the voice of a certain steve bannon? think about that as you watch a segment of mr. trump's speech today. take a look. >> to respect the interest of their own people and the rights of every other sovereign nation.
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this is the beautiful vision of this institution, and this is the foundation for cooperation and success. strong, sovereign nations let diverse countries with different values, different cultures, and different dreams not just coexist, but work side-by-side on the basis of mutual respect. strong sovereign nations let their people take ownership of the future and control of their own destiny. and strong, sovereign nations allow individuals to flourish in the fullness of the life intended by god. brent: strong, sovereign nations. unilateral decision-making. not multilateral, not you, the united nations. we know that steve bannon, who
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used to be chief strategist, was quoted he wanted to take world order and throw it against the wall and see what sticks. is this trump practicing his throwing today? laura: that is the interesting part. here you have his rhetoric inside the u.n. which is a pillar of world order, and you see both of these elements in trump's speech. you see him referring to more traditional u.s. policy, referring to world order and the key pillars, but then he talks about sovereignty and the importance about the american people. a lot of things with heard throughout the campaign, we have heard steve bannon say, really jives with the america first rhetoric. brent: i was reminded of george w. bush's axis of evil speech today. but trump replaced -- iraq with venezuela.
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laura: you do see trumpet doing this a lot. what you talked about with george w. bush with really emphasizing military strength and seeing the world in terms of who was on the good side and was on the bad side. -- and who is on the bad side. to see it with venezuela i think through a lot of people' for a surprise. venezuela has gotten less attention from him. brent: the munro doctrine, going back to the 1800s, you are in our backyards we can intervene. trump is willing to intervene if democracy is not restored. is that a promise of military intervention? laura: we don't know what that is in we're not sure what trump thom is in general. he might -- trump promises in general. he might say something but then it will be quiet and he will rent it up again.
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we will have to see -- he will grant it up again -- ramp it up again. brent: let's listen to what venezuela said in reaction. >> we do not accept threats from president trump or whoever in this world. we are a people of peace, a peaceful people. and what we want is relations of mutual respect not only with united states, but all countries all over the world. so this racist and supremacist theory, this return to the gold world, -- cold world, for a moment we didn't know if we were listening to president reagan in 1982 president trump in 2017. brent: so there you have ronald reagan's name coming up. cold war, but white supremacist as well. laura: i think he is to throw as
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much in there as possible because now they find themselves in the defensive. but you see in trump's speech things that you might find in a more traditional u.s. foreign-policy, especially in this venezuelan part, in that he was talking about democracy and protecting democracy, which is very much not what he was saying throughout his campaign. brent: it is not in sync with america first and we're not going to intervene anymore. no nationbuilding, for example. what about iran? the trump himself into a corner today? does he have to reject the iran nuclear deal after the speech today? laura: trump has made very clear he doesn't have to do anything he said he will do in the past. he can always change his mind. that is very much his style. here he stayed in line with what the report -- the republican party has been saying.
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he has always been talking about coming down hard. brent: he did say the deal was an embarrassment to the u.s. what about the allies of the u.s. cult with the deal -- allies of the u.s. who helped put the deal together? to be spent in the face of germany, france and britain? laura: he has always taken a different stance from europe but he is always seen these multilateral deals as the u.s. getting a short stick. this is how he views them. he always talked about -- and he talked about it here with the u.n., that the u.s. has not gotten enough for what it is putting. and we saw it again here. brent: we had reaction not long after the speech from the french president emmanuel macron. take a listen to what he had to say. >> i would like to speak in favor of the nuclear agreement with iran. we put together a solid, robust
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and verifiable agreement with iran that will ensure iran does not obtain nuclear weapons. renouncing it would be a grave error. it would be irresponsible of us to fail to uphold the agreement because this is a good agreement, an agreement that is essential for peace at a time when a downward spiral cannot be discounted. brent: so, we have get the french president juxtaposing himself against the u.s. president. so we have got this clash. do you think -- when you look at nikki haley, secretary of state tillerson, do you think this president wants the u.n. mission to be a failure? do you think the members of the u.n., do they believe him when he says he wants the mission to be a success? laura: the iran deal? brent: in general for the entire
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u.n.. is he a friend of multilateral, transnational peacekeeping? laura: he certainly did not paint is one -- paint himself as one throughout the campaign. he talked much more about bilateral agreements, america first, and is very distrustful of globalized systems. and so, you do see that throughout, and i think that has remained consistent in that he has continued to criticize the u.s. throughout his speech, talked about how he needs to -- criticized the u.n. throughout his speech. he also spoke about what the u.n. has contributed to, and maybe we might not have expected this back when he was campaigning. brent: maybe there is some evolution in what people are saying is a semblance of a trump doctrine. we will have to wait and see.
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we appreciate you taking the time to give us some analysis. thank you. laura: thank you. brent: the plight of myanmar's rohingyas is also high on the list of issues needing attention at the u.n. a crackdown has given more than 400,000 of the group into bangladesh triggering a major humanitarian emergency. earlier, you and secretary-general gutierrez dresd -- first let's go to myanmar where myanmar's leader has broken her silence on the crisis. she has faced intense criticism for remaining silent on what the u.n. has called ethnic cleansing. >> there has been much concern around the world with regard to the situation. it is not the intention of the government to portion blame or abdicate responsibility. we condemn all human rights violations and unlawful
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violence. we are committed to the restoration of peace, stability, and will of law throughout -- and rule of law throughout the state. from the fifth of september there have been no armed clashes. nevertheless, we are concerned that numbers of muslims are fleeing across the border give and go --. -- border to bangladesh. we want to find out why this exodus is happening. brent: that was the leader of myanmar. we are going to have more on the crisis coming up after this program. time now for news with javier and donald trump's remarks at the u.n. also did not bode well for transnational trade deals. javier: as expected, because we know donald trump's position for free trade is not necessarily the best one. at his first address at the
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general assembly of the u.n. he reiterated his criticism of sweeping free trade deals thing people have been misled to think of them as quote, the best way to success. the white house is unlikely to be policed at trade figures that have just come in. -- unlikely to be pleased at trade figures that have just come in. the biggest deficit since 2008. >> in america we seek stronger ties of business and trade with all nations of goodwill, but this trade must be fair, and it must be reciprocal. for too long, the american people were told that mammoth, multinational trade deals, unaccountable international tribunals, and powerful, global bureaucracies were the best way to promote their success. but as those promises slowed,
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millions of jobs vanished and thousands of factories disappeared. javier: of course everyone was listening, including those at wall street and in new york stock exchange. sophie joins us now. i think it is safe to say that nothing is going to change from trump's trade policy, right? sophie: we all ow trump likes to flex his scles when it comes to appearances on multinational states in his speech was not any different from this, especially when it comes to trade in the trade deficit and his love for protectionism. america first has been one of his big campaign promises and he is just trying to enforce it. when a trump's -- one of trump's more moderate -- trump wanted to lead -- leave nafta completely but now he is
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only renegotiating. i assume he is surrounded by enough people so far who are able to give him rational know how about trade. javier: at the beginning of his speech trump emphasized how well the u.s. economy is doing right now. do you think all the leaders in that room share that view? sophie: well, let's just look at some indicators that might help to disprove or prove it. what about jobs, for example? the economy added more than one million jobs as trump took office. on the other hand, wage growth has yet to pick up. average hourly warnings have only increased 2.5% while the federal reserve bank wanted to see 3% or 3.5%. also the unemployment rate rose slightly in august. and consumers are doing ok. businesses are investing more
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money, so that is not bad. but the big topic right now is definitely that trump has not yet delivered anything in terms of the promised tech reforms. so corporate america and americans are waiting for this. javier: sophie at the new york stock exchange, thank you very much. that is all from the business desk. back to you brent, and another topic that is keeping us busy. brent: hurricane maria. another monster storm beginning to batter the caribbean. the prime minister of dominica has described maria as quote, devastating and mind-boggling. the storm has intensified again and become a category five storm. marie is moving roughly along the same string of islands as hurricane irma, the hurricane that devastated the region earlier this month. is expected to move towards puerto rico and the virgin islands tonight and tomorrow. maria made landfall monday with winds up to 260 kilometers per hour.
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reporter: maria ravaging the french island of guadeloupe a. heavy rain and for use wind has left many areas without power. authorities have also received reports of flooding. >> we have limited contact at the moment. it is really very patchy. we are in touch with forces and police to give us some information we have very little details at this stage. reporter: another french territory has escaped the storm without huge damage. but neighboring dominica came off much worse. there prime minister wrote on facebook they have lost all that money can buy and replace. earlier he posted his roof had been blown off. many of the islands on high alert from korea are still reeling from hurricane earlier
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-- hurricane irma earlier this month. antique is one of them. people here are bracing for another potential disaster. a similar scene in puerto rico. shelves emptied as residents stockpiled supplies. the u.s. territory could receive a direct hit from maria. >> right now we are not prepared for the next hurricane because we're still recovering from the last 12 weeks ago. -- the last one two weeks ago. puerto rico is not prepared for this. we're going to have a bad time of it. we mask -- we ask almighty god to get us through this without serious damage. reporter: after briefly weakening, mar has again intensified into a category five hurricane and could cause further damage is a moves towards puerto rico and the virgin islands. brent: here is a reminder of the top stories we're following for
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you. a powerful earthquake has hit southern mexico, killing at least four people. the epicenter was only 120 kilometers from the capital, mexico city. it sent thousands running into the streets. there are reports of people being trapped inside collapsed buildings. u.s. president donald trump has issued his sharpest warning it to north korea during his first address to the that hydration is -- to the united nations general assembly. he said if kim jong-un does not abandon his pursuit of nuclear weapons, the u.s. is quote, ready, willing and able to totally destroy north korea. i will be back after a short break with a look at the day. we will have an in-depth look at trump's first speech before the u.n. america first, and the u.n. and axis of evil 2.0, straight ahead. ♪
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